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Feature Type:
Temple Monastery Temple Complex

One of the most holy sites in Tibet, the Tsuklakkhang (gtsug lag khang) is the heart of Lhasa, surrounded by the Barkor (bar skor) circumambulation route. The temple is also called the Jokhang (jo khang) because in its central wooden structure it houses the Jowo (jo bo), a statue of the young Buddha said to have been brought to Tibet by Wencheng, the Chinese wife of the Tibetan emperor Songtsen Gampo (srong btsan sgam po). The temple was originally built around 640 CE to house the buddha image brought by Songtsen Gampo's Nepalese wife, Bhṛkutī, but this statue was later switched with that of Wencheng. The temple complex has gradually expanded over the centuries. It remains today one of the most popular pilgrimage sites in Tibet.

  • ཇོ་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Original)
    • Jokhang Temple (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
    • Jokhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
    • jo khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
  • ལྷ་ལྡན་ར་ས་འཕྲུལ་སྣང་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Original)
    • Lhaden Rasa Trülnang Tsuklakkhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
    • lha ldan ra sa 'phrul snang gtsug lag khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
    • ལྷ་ལྡན་ར་ས་འཕྲུལ་སྣང་གི་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Expansion)
      • Lhaden Rasa Trülnanggi Tsuklakkhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
      • lha ldan ra sa 'phrul snang gi gtsug lag khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
    • ལྷ་ས་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Contraction)
      • Lhasa Tsuklakkhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
      • lha sa gtsug lag khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
      • གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Contraction)
    • ལྷ་ལྡན་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་། (Tibetan, Tibetan script, Contraction)
      • Lhaden Tsuklakkhang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Simplified Tibetan Transcription)
      • lha ldan gtsug lag khang (Tibetan, Latin script, THL Extended Wylie Transliteration)
      • Lhaden Tsuglakhang (Tibetan, Latin script, Tibet Heritage Fund System of Tibetan Transcription)
Etymology for ཇོ་ཁང་།:

Lord-House. The name derives from the name of the most important Buddhist statue in the temple, the Jowo Shakyamuni (ཇོ་བོ་ཤཀྱ་མུ་ནེ/jo bo shakya mu ne) statue of the historical Buddha as a sixteen-year-old. Jowo can be translated as "Lord." Jokhang can also refer to the specific chapel inside the temple that houses the Jowo statue, although the chapel also carries the name Central Chapel (tsang khang ü ma/gtsang khang dbus ma).

Place ID: F15474

Geocode Name: GB Code - Ryavec, Code: gb.ryavec

Geocode Name: Aufschnaiter Lhasa Map ID, Code: auf.id

Geocode Name: Tibet Heritage Fund Lhasa Building ID, Code: thf.id

Geocode Name: Lhasa Atlas ID, Code: la.id

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